Rock'n'Roll is a very athletic, competitive form of partner dance that originated from lindy hop. It is danced by both couples (usually of mixed gender) and groups, This is normally a very fast and physically demanding dance. This style of dance is very similar to swing, Jive and jitter bug.
The social form of Rock n roll is very similar to the single time East coast Swing basic step. And it has a great deal of turns, spins, changes of places. The technique used is mostly “ball flat”. That means that both the men and ladies take start the steps from their ball of the foot and let their hell lower afterwards.
On the other hand, Acrobatic Rock’n’Roll is a dance that has originated from Lindy hop, however it is mainly geared towards performance and competition. It requires a great deal of athleticism and flexibility. There are kicks, tricks and lifts through out the routines.
During the development of the musical genre rock and roll, dances to go with the music were also created. From swing, which came into being around 1920, Lindy Hop emerged, the first partner dance ever to feature acrobatic elements. Lindy Hop was modified around 1940 to suit faster music, creating the style known as boogie woogie.
A 1959 dance book describes "Rock 'n' Roll" as "performed without undue tension, the body and legs being flexible, so that there may be a physical rhythmic expression of co-ordination with the beats of music." "...a dance which leaves much scope for personal expression and interpretation in style, movement, rhythm, and even in the manner in which the figures are constructed.
Rock and roll dance works on the 4/4 measure. One basic comprises six beats and therefore one and a half measures. Differently than the offbeat of rock and roll music, the dance puts stress on the first and third beats of each measure. The music is very fast, between 176 and 208 bpm. Due to non-offbeat stressing and speed traditional rock and roll music has been replaced by modern disco and pop music.
Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mid-1950s. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the 1940s, which itself developed from earlier blues, boogie woogie, jazz and swing music, and was also influenced by gospel, country and western, and traditional folk music. Rock and roll in turn provided the main basis for the music that, since the mid-1960s, has been generally known simply as rock music.
In 1951, Cleveland-based disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the term "rock and roll" to describe it.
Rock n roll dancing is considered the most practical of popular styles of dance. Most parties and clubs play music from the 50’s & 60’s so you will be able to get up and dance.
Like all styles of Rock 'n' Roll dancing, the man commences on his left foot while the lady commences on her right.
It is usually danced 4 steps to 3 beats of music. The basic move for the man is
The rock step (or back step) is where the man rocks back and forward on his left foot. It is counted as one beat and involves two short quick steps. The rhythm is counted as slow, slow, quick, quick.
Step Rock 'n' Roll has a side to side rhythm, and also a back/forward rhythm.
Step Rock 'n' Roll is also known as American Jive or RnR. It is adapted from Ballroom Jive. The two sets of triple steps in Ballroom Jive have been replaced by two individual steps in 4 Step Rock 'n' Roll.